The Asia Foundation

San Francisco, CA, USA   |   Non profit

Students draw in a school in Kandahar, Afghanistan

Project Name
Using Technology to Improve Primary Grade Reading in Afghanistan

Location Implemented
Kandahar and Nangarhar provinces, Afghanistan

Organization Website

Organization Type
Non profit

Despite progress in education enrollment in Afghanistan over the past decade, schools in the country still suffer from a lack of materials that appeal to children in grades 1-3. While there is increasing emphasis on technology and literacy in today’s classrooms, young students in Afghanistan still struggle with traditional chalkboards and black and white textbooks and are unable to read and write. Similarly, most teachers in the country also feel unprepared to use technology in the classroom to establish a reading culture and improve reading skills.

The Foundation’s approach involves training administrators, teachers, parents, and students at each target school on the use of more engaging instructions and providing them with tools that can be easily used at schools and home for individual learning and practice. The literacy lessons, which align with Ministry of Education (MOE) standards, are much more interactive and engaging and are in the form of an Android application inserted as chips either on a phone or into an HDTV. The supplementary educational kits, which include stimulating workbooks and colorful crayons, also help enhance student concentration and performance.

The Foundation has also established 58 classroom libraries in grade 3 of the targeted eight schools in Kandahar and Nangarhar provinces and provided 6,728 story books in local language to classroom libraries of these schools. The purpose of this activity was to encourage meaningful reading outside school curriculum and provide students with fun and developmentally appropriate storybooks and reading materials.

Project Reach
• A total of 35 principals and headmasters (19 women and 16 men) from the eight schools in Kandahar and Nangarhar provinces received school management trainings;
• Eight school classrooms have been equipped with HDTV, enabling instructional training to teachers and students;
• 8,206 children, 178 teachers and 2,726 parents have been trained;
• Increased access to primary grade materials by establishing classroom libraries in all grade three of the target schools;
• Enhanced reading culture and improved literacy among primary grade level students;
• Improved reading skills among children lagging behind their peers, including the returnee children;
• Improved primary grade reading skills in eight schools after training teachers on integrating technology-based teachers’ aides;
• Increased parental engagement in their children’s education and greater and quality communication between the schools, teachers, and the parents; and
• Increased awareness about new approaches to teaching literacy through advocacy and information sharing.

Ministry of Education and Liwal Limited

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